ICAT plans centre of excellence for tyre testing
By Amit Karwal, AGM, ICAT Lab:
In order to reduce the road fatalities & fatal accidents the drivers must have knowledge about the basics of tyres e.g. maximum load rating, maximum speed index, tread wear indicators, proper tyre inflation pressure, TPMS etc
Pneumatic Tyres, which directly interact with the road, play a crucial role in enhancing the safety of road users as well as of motor vehicles. A tyre has multiple functions and must achieve a balance within numerous performance parameters. These include sustaining the radial load, supporting high and low speeds and excellent adhesion without offering too much rolling resistance. Therefore, we can say that tyres contribute a lot for fuel efficiency, road safety and ride comfort. It is worthwhile to mention here that the tyres have to perform as expected irrespective of weather conditions, type of roads, etc.
With the advancement of automotive technology and availability of expressways, the awareness about role of tyres is inevitable. Now, in order to reduce the road fatalities & fatal accidents the drivers must have knowledge about the basics of tyres e.g. maximum load rating, maximum speed index, tread wear indicators, proper tyre inflation pressure, TPMS etc.
In order to ascertain the performance of tyres to be fitted to the specific vehicle, the testing & validation play an important role. Govt. of India has formulated Indian Standards for the testing of tyres intended for various categories of vehicles i.e. 2W, 3W, Quadricycles, Passenger Cars, Buses, Trucks (HCVs) etc. As per Rule 95 of Central Motor Vehicles Rules (CMVR) the Pneumatic Tyres including radial tyres to be used on all motor vehicles manufactured or imported on and after April 1, 2006, other than agricultural tractors, construction equipment vehicles and power tillers shall comply with the requirements specified. Apart from this, as per quality orders of Department of Industrial Policy & Planning (DIPP), Govt. of India, the Pneumatic Tyres for the use in India (for vehicles) must have BIS License (some specific exemptions have been given in the notification) as per IS:15627-2005 or IS:15633-2005 or IS:15636-2005 as applicable. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) accepts the tyre test reports issued by the BIS recognized Indian laboratories for issuance of License to the applicants.
International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) is one of the divisions of NATRIP Implementation Society (NATIS), Govt. of India. ICAT is one the authorized Testing Agencies notified by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH), Govt. of India in Rule 126 of CMVR for carrying out Testing & Certification of Automobiles and their Safety Critical components. ICAT issues Whole Vehicle Type Approval Certificates for all categories of vehicles which includes 2W, 3W, E-rickshaw, Quadricycles, 4W (Passenger Cars), HCVs, Agricultural Tractors & Off road vehicles.
ICAT has state of the art test Tyre Test Laboratory which is NABL (ISO 17025) accredited and approved by BIS. At present ICAT is providing services related to Type Approval & Conformity of Production (COP) of Tyres as per AIS:037 (CMVR, Testing of Tyre samples submitted by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and also by the foreign & Indian tyre manufactures for the inclusion of particular tyre sizes in their prevailing BIS License.
Currently ICAT’s Tyre Test Lab has test facilities including Dual Station Tyre Endurance Test Rig, Single Station Tyre Endurance Test Rig, Plunger & Bead Unseating Resistance Test Rig, Dynamic Growth of Tyre Test Rig, Tyre Rolling Resistance Test Rig (for C1 & C2 Category- PCR & LCVs). Honb’le Cabinet Minister, Shri Anant G. Geete inaugurated this state of the art test lab located at ICAT’s Centre-II, Manesar (Haryana) on 29th May 2018. During the inauguration, Dinesh Tyagi, Director (ICAT) expressed his views by stating that ICAT has aggressive plans for the expansion of laboratory & to create Centre of Excellence (CoE) for tyre testing with the vision of supporting tyre manufacturers & OEMs for their needs of testing and validation as a part of Certification as well as Development Testing. He also informed that, ICAT will create advanced test facilities e.g. Tyre Rolling Resistance Test Facility (for C3 Category-HCVs), Tyre Traction Trailers (for C2 & C3 Category) for Wet Grip Measurement, Tyre Test Facilities for Tyres of Agricultural Tractors/OTR.
The test facilities of Tyre Test Lab can support for Certification intended for European, Asian, Gulf, US & African Countries. ICAT is willing to support industry for all testing & validation requirements (Developmental as well as certification).